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日期:2020-06-11 08:29

COMP9517: Computer Vision
2020 Term 2
Assignment Specification
Maximum Marks Achievable: 10
This assignment is worth 10% of the total course marks.
Deliverables: You should submit a report (maximum 5 pages) explaining the approach you
have taken in Tasks 1, 2 and 3, and including the sample input images and the intermediate
and final output images obtained. You must also submit your Python source code files.
Submission: The assignment files (report and source code) should be submitted online via
WebCMS3. Instructions for submission will be posted closer to the deadline.
Tip: You are strongly advised to use OpenCV 3+ with Python 3+. Jupyter notebook files are
preferred as source files for submission.
Objectives:
This assignment is aimed at familiarisation with basic image processing methods. It also
introduces you to common image processing and analysis tasks using OpenCV. After
completing this assignment, you will know how to:
1. Open and read image files.
2. Display and write image files.
3. Perform mathematical operations on images.
4. Apply basic image filtering operations.
5. Perform image adjustment and restoration.
Description:
Many computer vision applications use image processing techniques to suppress artifacts and
enhance relevant features to prepare images for further quantitative analysis.
The goal of this assignment is to create an image processing algorithm that can open a digital
image, perform a sequence of pixel manipulation operations (step-by-step as listed under
Tasks), in order to remove background shading artifacts.
The assignment files should be submitted online.
Instructions for submission will be posted closer to the deadline.
Deadline for submission is Week 3, Friday 19 June 2020, 23:59:59.
Below is an image (on the left) from a biological experiment in which the researchers want to
measure several properties of the dark particles. But these measurements are impeded by the
shading in the background. Thus, the shading needs to be removed (as on the right).

Tasks:
This assignment consists of three tasks, described below. Each task depends on the previous
one, so you need to do them in the given order.
Task 1 (4 marks): Background estimation
Open the given image Particles.png which, similar to the example shown above, has a
background shading pattern that needs to be removed. The first step to get rid of the shading
is to make an accurate estimate of the background of the image.
Write an algorithm that performs the following two steps. First, it should create a new image,
let us call it image A, with the same size (number of pixel rows and columns) as the input
image, which we call I. Second, the algorithm should go through the pixels of I one by one,
and for each pixel (x,y) it must find the maximum gray value in a neighbourhood around that
pixel, and write that maximum gray value in the corresponding pixel location (x,y) in A. The
resulting image A is called a max-filtered image of input image I.
The neighbourhood should be of size N x N pixels, where N is a free parameter of the
algorithm. Experiment with different values of N and mention in your report what is the
smallest value of N that causes the dark particles in I to disappear altogether in image A.
Also explain why this value of N causes the particles to disappear.
The max-filtering causes the gray values in A to be higher than the actual background values
in I, so a correction is needed. Extend your algorithm to create another image, which we call
image B here, of the same size as I and A. Now let the algorithm go through the pixels of A
one by one, and for each pixel (x,y) find the minimum gray value in an N x N neighbourhood
around that pixel, and write that minimum gray value in (x,y) in B. The resulting image B is
called a min-filtered image of the image A.
In your report, include image B computed from Particles.png.
Task 2 (2 marks): Background subtraction
Now that your algorithm can estimate the background B of an image I, removing the shading
artifacts from I can be done simply by subtracting B pixel by pixel from I, resulting in the
output image O. Extend your algorithm to perform this subtraction.
In your report, include image O computed from Particles.png.
Task 3 (4 marks): Algorithm generalisation
Open the given image Cells.png which, similar to Particles.png, has a background shading
pattern that needs to be removed. There are three main difference between the two images: 1)
the sizes of the images are different; 2) the sizes of the objects (cells versus particles) are
different; 3) in Cells.png the objects are bright and the background is dark, whereas in
Particles.png the objects are dark and the background is bright.
Make sure your algorithm can deal with input images of arbitrary size. Dealing with larger
objects in images is a matter of changing the value of the neighbourhood parameter N. But as
you will see, your algorithm will not be able to remove the shading from Cells.png. To make
your algorithm work for that image, you need to reverse the max-filtering and min-filtering.
Extend your algorithm with another free parameter, named M. If the user sets M = 0, the
algorithm should perform max-filtering (image I to A), then min-filtering (image A to B),
then subtraction (O = I – B). And if the user sets M = 1, the algorithm should perform first
min-filtering, then max-filtering, then subtraction.
In your report, explain why Particles.png requires M = 0, and Cells.png requires M = 1. Also
mention what is a good value of N for Cells.png and why. And include images B and O
computed from Cells.png in your report.
Copyright: UNSW CSE COMP9517 Team
Released: 5 June 2020

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