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日期:2021-10-07 08:27

Assignment 2
Semester 2, 2021
CSSE1001/CSSE7030
Due date: 16:00, 8th of October, 2021 GMT+10
1 Introduction
Loosely speaking, the engine of a game computes the state of the game whereas the graphical user
interface displays the state. For instance, in chess, change_position was part of the game engine
whereas print_board is part of the GUI.
For this assignment implement a (simplified) game engine for Pokemon battles. For those unfamiliar
with how Pokemon battles play out, a video example is provided here.1
. The extent to
which our engine differs from the real game is described in Section 3.
You are not developing a GUI because we have provided one (so you can play the game whose
engine you wrote).
You are required to implement a number of classes and their subsequent methods which are
described in Section 4. Any changes to these requirements will be listed in a changelog under the
Assignment 2 folder in Blackboard.
Your program’s output must match the expected output exactly; minor differences in output (such
as whitespace or casing) will cause tests to fail, resulting in zero marks for that test.
2 Getting Started
Download a2.zip from Blackboard — this archive contains the necessary files to start this assignment.
Once extracted, the a2.zip archive will provide the following files/directories:
a2.py
The game engine. This is the only file you submit and modify. Do not make changes to any
other files.
a2 support.py
Constants, functions, and classes you may find helpful for writing the engine. Read the
docstrings in order to understand how to use them in your solution.
game.py
If you wish, run this file to play the your Pokemon game.
battle view.py
Instruction for drawing the game to the screen.
1https://youtu.be/s37zGwC0Z7Y?t=32
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data.py
Data about Pokemon, moves and trainers, used in the game.
images
A folder with images used by the battle view.
3 Gameplay
The general structure of a Pokemon battle is given in the next section, followed by a more in-depth
description of each component.
3.1 Overview
Pokemon battles take place between two trainers, say, Ash and Brock. Both Ash and Brock have a
roster of (at most) six Pokemon, that battle until all Pokemon in one roster have fainted. Trainers
can only ever have one Pokemon on the battle field while the rest are in reserve.
Battles are turn-based. Each turn, a trainer may select an action to perform. These actions have
priority, and are enacted in order of that priority.
If a Pokemon faints in battle, the only valid action its trainer may take, is to switch it out for
another non-fainted Pokemon from the roster, presuming one exists. If all Pokemon in a roster
have fainted, the trainer whose Pokemon are left standing is the winner, and the battle ends.
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3.2 Actions
Each turn, a trainer may perform one of the following actions:
Fight: Order the Pokemon on the field of battle to use a move.
Item: Use an item from their inventory
Switch: Swap the active Pokemon with one from the roster.
Flee: The trainer attempts to flee from the battle.
When valid actions are applied, they alter the battle from one state to the next.
3.3 Pokemon
Each Pokemon in the roster has the following attributes:
Name: A name.
Type: An elemental type which influences how vulnerable the Pokemon is to certain moves.
Level: A general measure of how strong a Pokemon is.
Health: Also referred to as HP (health points), when a Pokemon’s health reaches 0, it is said to
have fainted.
Stats: A description of the Pokemon’s attack and defense capabilities. Pokemon stats increase
with level.
Moves: A maximum of four moves that the Pokemon can use while battling.
3.4 Moves
Like the Pokemon itself, each move has an elemental type which determines how effective it is
against other Pokemon. Each move also has a number of uses before it cannot be used again.
Moves have the further subcategories:
Attacks: If successful, reduce the health of the enemy Pokemon.
Buffs: Increase (i.e. strengthen) the current Pokemon’s stats.
Debuffs: Decrease (i.e. weaken) the enemy Pokemon’s stats.
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4 Implementation
There are many more classes required for this assignment that are not describe in the gameplay
section. The class diagram below lays out all of these classes, and the basic relationships between
them.
? Hollow-arrowheads indicate inheritance (i.e. the “is-a” relationship).
? Dotted arrows indicates composition (i.e. the “has-a” relationship).
Figure 1: Basic class relationship diagram for the classes which need to be implemented for this assignment.
Strategy and its subclasses are Masters-only tasks.
A few of the relationships (e.g. between Action and Battle) have been ommitted for the sake of
formatting. The precise relationships are captured in the documentation referenced in the next
section.
4.1 What goes inside each class?
This assignment uses online documentation, that is accessible on the CSSE1001 website.2 You
will find a description of each class and its required methods at the link.
4.2 Where to start
When implementing a spec where each component has dependencies, it is often best practice to
start with the components that have the least dependencies. In this case, both the ActionSummary
and PokemonStats classes have no dependencies and should therefore be implemented first. It is
also recommended that you leave Action and its subclasses until last.
The CSSE1001 youtube channel has some video examples 3 of how to attack a spec like this, that
you might find useful.
2http://csse1001.uqcloud.net/assignments/a2.html
3https://youtu.be/DcVqhoCJDx0
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4.3 ActionSummary Messages
Every time an action is ‘applied’ to the game state, it returns a corresponding ActionSummary
containing the effects of that action. This section details the messages expected from applying
each action.
Flee:
? On success: Got away safely!
? On failure: Unable to escape a trainer battle.
SwitchPokemon:
? If trainer’s turn and their Pokemon has not yet fainted: , return!
? On success: switched to .
Food:
? On consumed: ate .
Pokeball:
? In trainer battle: Pokeballs have no effect in trainer battles.
? On failure: It was so close, but escaped!
? On success: was caught!
? If full roster: was caught, but there was no more room.
Moves:
? On use: used .
? On miss: missed!
? On buff: was buffed for turns.
? On debuff: was debuffed for turns.
? If move kills enemy: has fainted. Then another message
gained exp.
4.4 Terminology
player/enemy Player refers to the Trainer controlled by the person playing the game, while
enemy is the enemy AI that represents the other Trainer in the battle.
stat Stat is a word traditionally used in games to represent some information on a character,
e.g. a measure of their hit points or the strength of their attacks. In our game, they are
tied to a Pokemon and give a rough idea of their strengths and weaknesses.
modifier In our implementation of Pokemon, a modifier is a tuple of changes to be ’applied’
to the Pokemon’s stats. The exact structure of these modifiers is explained in the online
documentation.
4.5 Documentation Requirements
There are a significant number of classes and contained methods you have to implement for this
assignment. For each one, you must provide documentation in the form of a docstring. The only
exception is for overridden methods on subclasses, as python docstrings are inherited.
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5 Assessment and Marking Criteria
This assignment assesses course learning objectives:
1. apply program constructs such as variables, selection, iteration and sub-routines,
2. apply basic object-oriented concepts such as classes, instances and methods,
3. read and analyse code written by others,
4. analyse a problem and design an algorithmic solution to the problem,
5. read and analyse a design and be able to translate the design into a working program, and
6. apply techniques for testing and debugging.
5.1 Marking Breakdown
Your total grade for this assessment piece will be a combination of your functionality and style
marks. For this assignment, functionality and style have equal weighting, meaning you should be
devoting at least as much time towards proper styling of your code as you do trying to make it
functional.
In order to be allocated a non-zero grade for this Assignment you must attend an interview during
your scheduled practical the week following your submission deadline (October 11–15).
5.2 Functionality Marking
Your program’s functionality will be marked out of a total of 50 marks. As in assignment 0, your
assignment will be put through a series of tests and your functionality mark will be proportional
to the number of tests you pass. You will be given a subset of the functionality tests before the
due date for the assignment. You may receive partial marks within each class for partially working
methods, or for implementing only a few classes.
For this assignment, abstract classes will not be subject to functionality marking. You
should use your abstract classes to group common functionality on their subclasses. We are
intentionally setting things up this way to give you freedom in applying object-oriented design
principles. Your efficacy in doing so will instead be evaluated as part of your style marks.
The remaining non-abstract classes all have equal weighting for functionality. For
CSSE7030 students, the create encounter function is considered part of the ScaredyCat class
for marking purposes.
You need to perform your own testing of your program to make sure that it meets all specifications
given in the assignment. Only relying on the provided tests is likely to result in your
program failing in some cases and you losing some functionality marks. Note: Functionality tests
are automated, so string outputs need to match exactly what is expected.
Your program must run in the Python interpreter (the IDLE environment). Partial solutions will
be marked, but if there are errors in your code that cause the interpreter to fail to execute your
program, you will get zero for functionality marks. If there is a part of your code that causes the
interpreter to fail, comment out the code so that the remainder can run. Your program must run
using the Python 3.9 interpreter. If it runs in another environment (e.g. Python 3.8 or PyCharm)
but not in the Python 3.9 interpreter, you will get zero for the functionality mark.
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5.3 Style Marking
The style of your assignment will be assessed by a tutor. Style will be marked according to the
style rubric provided with the assignment. The style mark will also be out of 50.
The key consideration in marking your code style is whether the code is easy to understand.
There are several aspects of code style that contribute to how easy it is to understand code. In
this assignment, your code style will be assessed against the following criteria.
? Readability
– Program Structure: Layout of code makes it easier to read and follow its logic. This
includes using whitespace to highlight blocks of logic.
– Descriptive Identifier Names: Variable, constant, function, class and method names
clearly describe what they represent in the program’s logic. Do not use what is called
the Hungarian Notation for identifiers. In short, this means do not include the identifier’s
type in its name (e.g. item list), rather make the name meaningful. (e.g. Use
items, where plural informs the reader it is a collection of items and it can easily be
changed to be some other collection and not a list.) The main reason for this restriction
is that most people who follow the Hungarian Notation convention, use it poorly
(including Microsoft).
– Named Constants: All non-trivial fixed values (literal constants) in the code are represented
by descriptive named (symbolic) constants.
? Documentation
– Comment Clarity: Comments provide meaningful descriptions of the code. They should
not repeat what is already obvious by reading the code (e.g. # Setting variable to
0.). Comments should not be verbose or excessive, as this can make it difficult to
follow the code.
– Informative Docstrings: Every class, method and function should have a docstring that
summarises its purpose. This includes describing parameters and return values so that
others can understand how to use the method or function correctly.
– Description of Logic: All significant blocks of code should have a comment to explain
how the logic works. For a small method or function, the logic should usually be clear
from the code and docstring. For long or complex methods or functions, each logical
block should have an in-line comment describing its logic.
Structure will be assessed as to how well your code design conforms to good object-oriented
programming practices.
? Object-Oriented Program Structure
– Classes & Instances: Objects are used as entities to which messages are sent, demonstrating
understanding of the differences between classes and instances.
– Encapsulation: Classes are designed as independent modules with state and behaviour.
Methods only directly access the state of the object on which they were invoked. Methods
never update the state of another object.
– Inheritance & Polymorphism: Subclasses are designed as specialised versions of their
superclasses. Subclasses extend the behaviour of their superclass without re-implementing
behaviour, or breaking the superclass behaviour or design. Subclasses redefine behaviour
of appropriate methods to extend the superclasses’ type. Subclasses do not
break their superclass’ interface.
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? Algorithmic Logic
– Single Instance of Logic: Blocks of code should not be duplicated in your program.
Any code that needs to be used multiple times should be implemented as a method or
function.
– Variable Scope: Variables should be declared locally in the method or function in which
they are needed. Attributes should be declared clearly within the init method.
Class variables are avoided, except where they simplify program logic. Global variables
should not be used.
– Control Structures: Logic is structured simply and clearly through good use of control
structures (e.g. loops and conditional statements).
5.4 Assignment Submission
This assignment follows the assignment submission policy as assignment 0. Please refer to the
assignment 0 task sheet.
You must submit your assignment as a single Python file called a2.py (use this name – all lower
case), and nothing else. Your submission will be automatically run to determine the functionality
mark. If you submit a file with a different name, the tests will fail and you will get zero for
functionality. Do not submit the a2 support.py file, or any other files. Do not submit any sort
of archive file (e.g. zip, rar, 7z, etc.).
5.5 Plagiarism
This assignment follows the same plagiarism policy is as per assignment 0. Please refer to the
assignment 0 task sheet.
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